Located just three miles from the center of downtown Nairobi and home to an estimated 1 million people in an area the size of central park, Kibera is Africa’s largest slum.1 Kenya's government, which owns the land upon which Kibera stands, does not formally recognize the settlement, regarding its residents as squatters. Thus, the people of Kibera’s 13 villages are denied basic social services—education, healthcare and sanitation, clean water, electricity, roads—and the basic human dignity that accompanies them. SHOFCO steps in to fill this gap, and restore dignity to the entrepreneurial people of Kibera.
Life in Kibera
- In some of Nairobi’s slum settlements, more than 52% of the population is under age 25.2
- 43% of sexually active female adolescents living in Kibera reported that their first sexual experience was forced.3
- Girls - ages 10 to 19 - in the Kibera slum in Nairobi are more likely to be out of school than boys (43% versus 29%), and are less likely to have begun school on time (49% of girls as compared to 61% of boys beginning at age 6 or below).3
- 54% of women and 23% of men living in Kibera have no reliable source income.4
- To obtain water, unavailable to the vast majority of homes, residents must purchase water from private vendors, paying an average of 15 times the standard charge to non-slum Nairobi residents.4
1 This estimate is corroborated by Amnesty International and The Economist. SHOFCO acknowledges that population estimates of Nairobi slums widely range due to the difficulty of data collection in densely populated informal settelments.
2 Emina et al 2011, Journal of Public Health
3 Population Council
4 SHOFCO 2012 Baseline Community Survey